LOWER LIMBJoints of the lower limbHiro.int knees.int ankles.intHip Joint: The hip joint is formed by articulationbetween head of the femur and acetabulumof the hip bone.ball and socket Ligaments:Iliofemoral ligament.Pubofemoral ligament.Ischiofemoral ligament.Movements:The hip joint has a wide range ofmovement.There is flexion, extension, abduction,adduction, lateral rotation & medialrotation.Knee Joint:Hinge TypeThis is the largest and most complicated jointin the body.Articulation is between the condyles of thefemur above & the condyles of the tibia belowIn front the articulation is between the lowerend of the femur and the patella.Ligaments:Ligamentum patellae.Lateral collateral ligament.Medial collateral ligament.Anterior Cruciate Ligament. ACLcrosseachotherPosterior Cruciate Ligament. PCLMenisci:is not ligamentThe menisci are C-shaped sheets offibrocartilage that lie between thecondyles of femur & tibia.They act as cushions or shock absorberto reduce loadMovements:The knee joint has flexion, extension,medial rotation & lateral rotation.Ankle Joint:is formed by articulation between the lowerend of tibia & fibula and the talus.Ligaments:Medial ligament.Lateral ligament.Movements: Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion arepossible.Name: Description: ...
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