Even complicated and confusing topics will be easily developed and covered if you request our help writing an essay. Place an order today!

Case StudyWhen taxes induce people to change their behaviour”such as inducing Jane to buy less pizza”the taxes cause deadweight l

Case Study

When taxes induce people to change their behaviour—such as inducing Jane to buy less pizza—the taxes cause deadweight losses and make the allocation of resources less efficient. As we have already seen, much government revenue comes from the individual income tax in many countries. In a case study in Chapter 8, we discussed how this tax discourages people from working as hard as they otherwise might. Another inefficiency caused by this tax is that it discourages people from saving.

Consider a person 25 years’ old who is considering saving $1,000. If he puts this money in a savings account that earns 8 percent and leaves it there, he would have $21,720 when he retires at age 65. Yet if the government taxes one-fourth of his interest income each year, the effective interest rate is only 6 percent. After 40 years of earning 6 percent, the $1,000 grows to only $10,290, less than half of what it would have been without taxation. Thus, because interest income is taxed, saving is much less attractive.

Some economists advocate eliminating the current tax system’s disincentive toward saving by changing the basis of taxation. Rather than taxing the amount of income that people earn, the government could tax the amount that people spend.

Under this proposal, all income that is saved would not be taxed until the saving is later spent. This alternative system, called a consumption tax,would not distort people’s saving decisions.

Various provisions of the current tax code already make the tax system a bit like a consumption tax. Taxpayers can put a limited amount of their saving into special accounts—such as Individual Retirement Accounts and 401(k) plans—that escape taxation until the money is withdrawn at retirement. For people who do most of their saving through these retirement accounts, their tax bill is, in effect, based on their consumption rather than their income.

European countries tend to rely more on consumption taxes than does the United States. Most of them raise a significant amount of government revenue through a value-added tax, or a VAT. A VAT is like the retail sales tax that many U.S. states use, but rather than collecting all of the tax at the retail level when the consumer buys the final good, the government collects the tax in stages as the good is being produced (that is, as value is added by firms along the chain of production). Various U.S. policymakers have proposed that the tax code move further in direction of taxing consumption rather than income. In 2005, economist Alan Greenspan, then Chairman of the Federal Reserve, offered this advice to a presidential commission on tax reform: “As you know, many economists believe that a consumption tax would be best from the perspective of promoting economic growth—particularly if one were designing a tax system from scratch—because a consumption tax is likely to encourage saving and capital formation. However, getting from the current tax system to a consumption tax raises a challenging set of transition issues.”

1: What should be taxed – Personal Income or Personal Consumption and why? Provide your opinion based on the case. (200 words)

2: How may it affect Saudi Economy if an income tax is imposed in KSA?

(200 words)

Q2: Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Human Resources recently announced an increase to the monthly minimum wage from 3000 SAR to 4000 SAR for full-time Saudi workers in April 2021, and introduced a Labor Reform Initiative (LRI) scheduled to take effect on 14 thMarch 2021.

a. Discuss the implications of the above topic.

b. Will this impact unemployment in the country? How?

testimonials icon
Must attach excel document and fill out chartA real estate developer is assessing an area for future retail development. She believes it is only...
testimonials icon
Order Grade A+ Academic Papers Instantly!...
testimonials icon
Discussion 2 - Week 3...
testimonials icon
see attachment...
testimonials icon
What is the freedom of speech? How has this concept changed over time? Does being a reporter give you more rights in terms of  the freedom...
testimonials icon
Reflect on a patient who presented with a dermatologic disorder during your Practicum experience. Describe your ex...
testimonials icon
Case 1 (Accounting Application) Use the tabular graphical methods of descriptive statistics to summarize the sample data in the data set named Peli...
testimonials icon
i need 15 pages research paper on israel relationship with arab states must include 1- Contemporary events2- pol...
testimonials icon
/*! elementor - v3.6.5 - 27-04-2022 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading...
testimonials icon
Assignment 3: Market Position AnalysisThroughout this course, you will conduct a strategy audit for a selected company. Begin this assignmen...

Other samples, services and questions:

Calculate Price

When you use PaperHelp, you save one valuable — TIME

You can spend it for more important things than paper writing.

Approx. price
$65
Order a paper. Study better. Sleep tight. Calculate Price!
Created with Sketch.
Calculate Price
Approx. price
$65